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caspar (not verified)
misinterpretation or inversion?

I dont disagree that Kundera could be misreading Nietzsche, as I havent studied N enough to speak with any certainty. from what I gather, the concept of eternal recurrence (liberating for Nietzsche, but as a weighty burden for Kundera), contrasted with the lightness of detachment, is used to illustrate different outlooks and decisions made by the characters. the question of whether which is actually positive or negative: heaviness or lightness, is asked at the very beginning of the novel. there are pitfalls to both the weighty duty of "es muss sein!" ("it must be!" taken from Beethoven and used throughout the story) and the unbearable lightness of detached being (and an inability to reconcile with kitsch).

"kitsch is the absolute denial of shit, in both the literal and figurative senses of the word; kitsch excludes everything from its purview which is essentially unacceptable in human existence.
...
For none among us is superman enough to escape kitsch completely. No matter how we scorn it, kitsch is an integral part of the human condition."

so, depending on the person, heaviness or lightness can be liberating, burdens, or both, effecting the decisions one makes. one cannot know how because one is given only one life, with no restarts to compare how the decisions will play out. I think, if anything, their take on "the Grand March" and kitsch motivating actors on the stage of History was worth the read.

I also dont disagree Kundera is doing what you claim, but most of your criticism is unclear to me. are you calling Kundera bourgeois in contrast with Nietzsche's claim? are they making false assumptions based on an alignment with European citizenry? Im unsure how invested Kundera was in either side of the war, as I read in the novel indictments of both sides (or the difficulty in taking sides at all).

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