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The guillotine was invented and deployed by the bourgeoisie in the French Revolution to deal with their enemies. Sure, nobles and priests were killed this way, but so were common criminals and leaders/agitators of the Parisian poor when the most radical faction of the bourgeoisie was in power, Year II.

The guillotine, and the Revolutionary Tribunals that sent people to their deaths, were institutionalized by the bourgeoisie in response to mob violence. Though these bourgeoisie understood that they needed the poor to put them in power, they centralized the revolutionary violence into their own hands both out of disgust of the mob violence and fear that it was uncontrollable, and could eventually be turned against them.

Therefore, the guillotine is not a good symbol for anti-state insurrection or revolution.